以下は、私が最も尊敬するアメリカ人、マルコムXのスピーチの抜粋です。 １９６５年、2月１４日、デトロイトでのアフロ・アメリカ放送会社による講演、当日、2月１４日は早朝、ニューヨークの自宅が爆破され、着のみ着のままでマルコムは、デトロイトにやってきて講演しました。、、、、 一週間後、1965年、２月21日、ニューヨークで暗殺され帰らぬ人となりました。一般にthe last messageと呼ばれるものです。
You know yourself -- and we have been a people who hated our African characteristics. We hated our hair, we hated the shape of our nose -- we wanted one of those long, dog-like noses, you know. Yeah. We hated the color of our skin, hated the blood of Africa that was in our veins. And in hating our features and our skin and our blood, why, we had to end up hating ourselves.
And we hated ourselves. Our color became to us a chain. We felt that it was holding us back. Our color became to us like a prison, which we felt was keeping us confined, not letting us go this way or that way. We felt that all of these restrictions were based solely upon our color. And the psychological reaction to that would have to be that as long as we felt imprisoned or chained or trapped by Black skin, Black features, and Black blood, that skin and those features and that blood that was holding us back automatically had to become hateful to us. And it became hateful to us. It made us feel inferior; it made us feel inadequate; it made us feel helpless.